- 1. Introduction
- 2. Rules for the dressing / hijab of a Muslim women
- 3. Rules for the dressing of a Muslim man
- 4. Ahadith regarding Dressing in Islam
- 5. Quranic Verses regarding how one should dress
- 6. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W)’s Sunnah about Dressing
- 7. 4 Fundamental purpose of Dressing
- 8. Stories about the aulia-e-ikram
- 9. Is wearing expensive clothes Haram in Islam?
- 10. Likes and dislikes of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) regarding Dressing
Bismillah-ar-rahman-ar-raheem, as we all know that Islam is a complete code of life, and that it’s teachings covers all the different aspects of live. That is why these teachings and laws are related to our society and daily life routine. No field of life in this world exists where Islam does not throw it’s light to distinguish what’s right and what’s wrong. And dressing is also one of the major fields where Guidance is needed too. And that is the reason why Quran and Sunnah (Shari at) gives a complete guidance to the believers and whole mankind regarding this topic.
Why I chose this topic for my assignment:
I have chosen this topic because, in today’s world The disbelievers are trying to create a propaganda that “ way of dressing is a cultural issue and not religious one” and the aim behind this propaganda is to make the Muslims believe that the way of dressing of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w) was because of the culture in Arab back then . And they are trying to eliminate the Sunnah about dressing. Even though Islam do not oblige a person to wear jilbab, izar (loin-wrap), thawb (long cloth), `imam a (turban), jubbah (coat or mantle) and sirwal (baggy pants) but Islam do Outline some of the laws about Dressing that will Guide all the Muslim brotherhood till the End InshAllah, and if one wants to follow the exactly like Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w) use to wear then SubhanAllah it’s Mustahab.
Dressing has a great impact on life and personality :
Dressing is one of the attributes of life which is not as simple as it looks, its impacts are present on one’s religion, ethics and Practical living and other fields of life .Shari-t had outlined this facts quite centuries ago , but today science and psychology have also come to the conclusion that dress has it’s effect on various things related to you and your life. That is why I must pursue that we should not take dressing as an unimportant issue instead it is of great importance , especially when it comes to Islam .
“Once hazrat Umer (r.a) came to masjid-e-nabwi for a lecture, and he was wearing a very luxurious Jubbah. When he returned home after delivering the lecture he took off that jubbah and threw it away and said “I will never wear this jubbah again, because of it I felt Vanity in my heart.
Those who claim that outlook doesn’t matter it’s the soul that matters:
You must’ve heard people saying this popular sentence when they’re questioned about their dressing that:
“Those who claim that outlook doesn’t matter it’s the soul that matters” and say that Deen is about soul & conscience and not about outlook, and our heart is innocent and our soul is pure.
But it’s not true, Deen asks for your Zaahir and Baatin both, to understand best lets take an example:
“When a fruit rot from inside, its appearance becomes ugly and spotted. If the fruit is not rotten instead it’s fresh it will never have these spots on its lamina or crust.”
So basically what we concluded that it’s just misguidance or illusion on your mind by your eternal enemy (Satan) that you have a beautiful soul and outlook doesn’t matter.
Rules of Islam about dressing for women:
Hijab is a word that indicates not just the headscarf but clothing in its entirety which meets the following conditions:
- 1. Clothing must cover the entire body, only the hands and face may remain visible (According to some Fiqh Schools):
The first bit of guidance given in Islam describes the parts of the body which must be covered in public.
For women: In general, standards of modesty call for a woman to cover her body, particularly her chest. The Qur’an calls for women to “draw their coverings over their chests,” and the Prophet Muhammad instructed believing women to cover their bodies except for their face and hands. Most Muslims interpret this to require head coverings for women. Some Muslim women cover the entire body, including the face and/or hands.
- 2. The material must not be so thin that one can see through it :
The Prophet Muhammad once warned that in later generations, there would be people “who are dressed yet naked.” See-through clothing is not modest, for either men or women. The clothing must be thick enough so that the color of the skin it covers is not visible, nor the shape of the body underneath
3. The clothing must hang loose so that the shape / form of the body is not apparent: Islam also guides that clothing must be loose enough so as not to outline or distinguish the shape of the body. Skin-tight, body-hugging clothes are out, for both men and women. When in public, some women wear a cloak over their personal clothing as a convenient way to “hide their curves.” In many predominantly Muslim countries, men’s traditional dress is somewhat like a loose robe, covering from the neck to the ankles.
- 3. The female clothing must not resemble the man’s clothing:
Islam encourages people to be proud of whom they are. Muslims should look like Muslims, and not like mere imitations of people of other faiths around them. Women should be proud of their femininity and not dress like men. And men should be proud of their masculinity and not try to imitate women in their dress. For this reason, Muslim men are forbidden from wearing gold or silk, as these are considered feminine accessories. the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) cursed the men who imitate women and the women who imitate men.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5546
5. The design of the clothing must not resemble the clothing of the non believing women.
6. The design must not consist of bold designs which attract:
The overall appearance of a person should be dignified and modest. Shiny, flashy clothing may technically meet the above requirements, but defeat the purpose of overall modesty
7. Clothing should not be worn for the sole purpose of gaining reputation or increasing one’s status in society
8. Cleanliness is important as well , Cleanliness is considered to be semi faith in Islam so it should be kept in mind that what ever you wear must be kept clean and tidy
The reason for this strictness is so that the woman is protected from the lustful gaze of men. She should not attract attention to herself in any way. It is permissible for a man to catch the eye of a woman; however it is haram (unlawful) for a man to look twice as this encourages lustful thoughts.
Rules of Islam about dressing for men:
All the rules mentioned above are applicable about the dressing of man in Islam. But there are some exceptions which are mentioned in here other wise covering private parts,loose clothes, non-see through clothing, modest dressing, no resemblance with women , no resemblance with non-muslims and design and color should not be bold so that is it attracts opposite sex are the general laws of dressing in Islam.
Things forbade for men only:
- Gold is not allowed for men
- Silk clothing is not allowed for men ( Items died with saffron dye Narrated Anas: The Prophet forbade men to use saffron. (Book #72, Hadith #737)
- Satar (must-be-covered) parts for men is from knee to the naval. Abu Dawood (3140) and Ibn Maajah (1460) narrated that ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not show your thigh, and do not look at the thigh of anyone, living or dead.” (The majority of fuqaha’ are of the view that these ahaadeeth should be followed and they stated that a man’s ‘awrah is from the navel to the knee.
Ankle of a man should be visible and uncovered ( Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5450. )
It was narrated from Abu Dharr that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection and will not look at them or praise them, and theirs will be a painful torment.” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) repeated it three times. Abu Dharr said: “May they be doomed and lost; who are they, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “The one who lets his garment hang beneath his ankles, the one who reminds others of favors he has done, and the one who sells his product by means of false oaths.”
Quranic Verses regarding how one should dress:
- The Noble Qur’an Al-A’raaf 7:26
O Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment* upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment, and the raiment of righteousness, that is better. Such are among the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh, that they may remember (i.e. leave falsehood and follow truth).
- The Noble Qur’an 7:32
O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawâf of) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allâh) likes not Al-Musrifûn (those who waste by extravagance).
- The Noble Qur’an An-Nahl 16:81
And Allâh has made for you out of that which He has created shades, and has made for you places of refuge in the mountains, and has made for you garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to protect you from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He perfect His Grace unto you, that you may submit yourselves to His Will (in Islâm).
Ahadith regarding Dressing in Islam:
- Hadith – Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.693, Narrated Uqba bin Amir
A silken Farruj was presented to Allah’s Apostle and he put it on and offered the prayer in it. When he finished the prayer, he took it off violently as if he disliked it and said, “This (garment) does not befit those who fear Allah!”
- Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood #4037, Narrated Imran ibn Husayn
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I do not ride on purple, or wear a garment dyed with saffron*, or wear shirt hemmed with silk.
- Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood #4055, Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’As
We came down with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) from a turning of a valley. He turned his attention to me and I was wearing a garment dyed with a reddish yellow dye. He asked: What is this garment over you? I recognised what he disliked. I then came to my family who were burning their oven. I threw it (the garment) in it and came to him the next day. He asked: Abdullah, what have you done with the garment? I informed him about it. He said: Why did you not give it to one of your family to wear, for there is no harm in it for women.
- Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood #4055, Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’As
*a moderate orange to orange yellow color
- Hadith – Sunan of Abu Dawood, #4041, Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin, r.a.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) once prayed wearing a garment having marks. He looked at its marks. When he saluted, he said: Take this garment of mine to AbuJahm, for it turned my attention just now in my prayer, and bring a simple garment without marks.
- Hadith – Muslim
Then [the Messenger saaws] mentioned a man who had traveled for a long time. Unkempt and covered in dust, he raised his hands to the heavens (and cried): ‘O my Lord! O my Lord!’ His food was unlawful, his drink was unlawful, his clothing was unlawful, and what he had provided to sustain himself with was also unlawful. How could his invocation be accepted?”
- Hadith – Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.705, Narrated ‘Aisha, r.a.
When Allah’s Apostle died, he was covered with a Hibra Burd (green square decorated garment).
Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W)’s Sunnah about Dressing:
Our Nabi’s ‘wardrobe’ consisted only of a minimum number of garments that he needed and actually wore. These were frequently patched and had to be repeatedly washed as his wardrobe was very spare.
>Nabi SAW liked wearing Kurta (long shirt) the most. Nabi sleeves reached up to his wrists and the collar or neckline of his Kurta was towards his chest. Once when the collar of Nabi’s Kurta was open a Sahabi (R.A.), for the sake of acquiring blessing, inserted his hand in Nabi SAW’s Kurta and touched the seal of Prophet hood. (SHAAMAIL TIRMIZI)
>Nabi SAW’s Kurta used to be above his ankles, reaching up to mid-calf. (HAKIM) Our Nabi’s clothes consisted of sheet, lungi (loin-cloth), Kurta (long shirt) and amamah (turban). He also had a cloth (towel) with which he dried his face etc. after wudhu.He liked striped sheets. He used to wear a topi (fez/hat) below the amamah and sometimes he used to wear only the topi. Some times it (amamah) had a tail and at other times it did not have a tail. The tail of the amamah (turban) used to fall between the shoulders at his back.
>Rasulullah wore a quba (long coat) also. Nabi SAW’s lower garment used to end between the knee and the ankle.Rasulullah SAW’s sheet was red striped. He also wore green and black woollen sheets (shawl) with or without embroidery. In some narrations it is stated that Nabi SAW’s personal life never changed even when he became the Master of the whole of Arabia and Syria. His personal life continued to be austere.
>When wearing shoes or clothing begin with the right and when removing them to begin with the left. (TIRMIZI)
>Our Nabi SAW prohibited walking with one shoe only. (BUKHARI)
4 Fundamental purpose/GOALS of Dressing:
- 1. The first basic purpose which can be taken as the most fundamental one too is , that dress is something which cover those parts which cause shame when discussed or revealed. If a dress is not fulfilling this first purpose of dressing then from the point of view of Islam it is not a DRESS. As discussed before shameful parts for man is from naval to knee and for women it’s the whole body except the hands and feet.
- 2. The second purpose of dress is to emblaze the personality , that is dress should be something which soothe you and others, not arouse or irritate them .
- 3. The third fundamental purpose of dress is the identity, the way one looks, plays an intense role on its identity. And according to Islam, copying and following non-Muslim nations is prohibited and Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.W really disliked the person who follow non-Muslims and tried to copy them. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w said that person will be resurrected with them.
- 4. The fourth basic principle is that one should not wear a dress which causes arrogance and imperiousness in your heart, as we discussed it when Hazrat umer (R.A) put on a precious jubbah which he later threw away just because it caused him to feel proud among the people.
Stories about the aulia-e-ikram:
- Well wearing expensive clothes is not haram in Islam unless it has been bought by fair means and it do not makes you feel superior then your other religious brothers. Imam dar-ul-hijra from madina-e-tayyaba narrate that Imam Malik (may Allah bless him) used to wear new dress every single day of the year, and once he wear that dress he never used it again, someone asked Imam Malik (may Allah bless him) that don’t you think wearing a new dress everyday is extravagance, he replied , that I don’t buy these new clothes ,someone comes to my door and gives me 360 new dresses at the start of every year, I cant refuse him because it will hurt him , so that’s why I wear every dress once and then donate it to needy people in this way it helps them a lot too. So from this we conclude that it is not haram to wear precious clothing for a better reason.
- Maulana mufti Muhammad shafi (may Allah bless him) narrate that Maulana hazrat thanvi (may Allah bless him) had two wives , one was quite older and the other was younger, while the elder one used to take a lot care of Maulana hazrat thanvi (may Allah bless him), once she bought a very popular type of cloth back then which used to be very bold and shiny without the permission of Maulana hazrat thanvi (may Allah bless him) and started stitching a dress of it, it was a time when stitching machines were not present so it took a long time and tiring efforts to stitch a cloth, she keep stitching it for the whole month of Ramadan to give him a surprise , when it got ready she presented it to him and said I want you to wear it in the Eid prayers , Maulana hazrat thanvi (may Allah bless him) did not usually like such kind of clothing but just not to hurt her, he wore that dress in the eid prayer and then donated it to someone. SubhanAllah.
Is wearing expensive clothes Haram in Islam?:
Wearing expensive or precious dress in Islam is Halal; if Allah has blessed you with his blessings then one should not wear dress which does not represent that blessing. Allah Is pleased when he watch his slave enjoying from what he has given him and thanking him. in fact if one wants to buy a precious and luxurious dress for his comfort and happiness it is perfectly legal if it is earned by halal means. And if Allah has provided someone money and power to buy expensive clothes and he is not using these resources then it comes into the acts of unthankfulness.
Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.W once wore a precious jubbah of approximately 2000 dinar. Just to give people who are well-of a message that it is not haram to wear precious clothes if the purpose is your own comfort. But one must keep thanking for all the favors that Allah has done to us.
Likes and dislikes of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) regarding Dressing:
- Hazrat Abdullah bin abbas (r.a) narrate that prophet Muhammad S.A.W.W said : “wear white dresses because the best color for men is white. And give your dead relatives a white shroud. “
So from this hadith it is evident that Prophet Muhammad used to like white color and what he likes Allah likes it too.
- “Hazrat bara’a bin azib (r.a) said that Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.W was of moderate height and I saw him once in a red dress, and I never saw anything else in this universe more beautiful then him.” But It should be kept in mind that , that dress was not completely red, in fact complete red dress is prohibited for men, but it was red striped dress and not completely red.
- Hazrat jabir (r.a) said that at the day of triumph of makkah when Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.W entered Makkah he was wearing a black amamah (a kind of turban).
We finally conclude that today need of Identical and sharaee dressing is intense. Because non-believers will never be your friend even if you try to copy each and everything from them. We have our own identity, traditions, rules and regulations. And we can only be dominant in here and hereafter when we will follow that siraat-e-mustaqeem and evolve as an Islamic nation. May Allah give us all Hidayat and Taufeeq.
The material for this report has been taken from
- Libas kay sharai usool
- Justice (R) mufti Muhammad taqi usmani
- Sheikh Mufti Muhammad irshaad Qasmi
- (Libas wal ama’im)
- By Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani
[excerpted from the "Encyclopedia of Islamic Doctrine, As-Sunna Foundation of America, 1998]